Bali-not only a sun island

Economic, social and ecological consequences of the tourism in Bali

The island Bali

It is called also island of the Gods and the 10,000 temples. The prevailing religion on Bali is the Hinduism. Bali belongs to a still very volcanically active island chain, which is situated between the Indian ocean and the Pacific. Neighbouring islands are: Java, Lombok, Sumbava, Flores, Sumba and Timor. With a total area of 5,426 square kilometers and a total population of approx. 2.5 million humans, is it a medium sized island. The majority of the population nourishes itself still of agriculture and fishing. The tourism and the pertinent sources of income, like arts and crafts increase however. Many people of Bali live however nevertheless in quite modest conditions. The capital of the island is Denpasar.

Development of the tourism

Since the 20-years Dutch navigation companies came on the island. First tourists followed, artists and scientists established themselves on the island and made it's duty to protect and retain that cultural one inheritance. Libraries and museums developed, the traditional painting and the wood carving art was promoted and the spezial dancing art of Bali and the music from traditional consciousness and because of cultural to know learning for the tourists is practiced. Only 1965 were put the base for the mass tourism with the policy of the " new order ". With the opening of the airport " Ngurah Rai " 1969, Bali was attached to the international network of air routes. It is a dramatic rise of the tourist number of 1282379 in the period of 1969 to 1997.

Economic consequences

Positive influences

Negative influences

Counter measures:

Social consequences

Positive influences

Negative influences

absence necessary respect of the tourists in relation to the people of Bali ceremonies and temple celebrations those it attend

Ecological consequences

Negative influences

Counter measures:

http://www.inm-asiaguides.com/Bali/BALIDMAP.htm

http://www_users.rwth-aachen.de/Christiane.Heinen/bali1.htm

http://www.iwp.uni-linz.ac.at/kvm/95kvm/Kulturvm21.html

http://www.balivillas.com/de/index_de.html

http://www.tgkm.uni-bielefeld.de/geographie/projekt.htm

http://www.balivillas.com/geography.html

Anja, Elisabeth und Margarita