|Proposal of a work plan structured in
didactic units for the|
EDUVINET Project by teachers of I.T.I.S. (Bassano Romano)
(English translation of the Italian original by
Barbara Buddeke of Accademia
Farnese, Caprarola (VT), ITALY)
Contribution to the EDUVINET "Living Conditions of EU Citizen" subject
Development of a teaching unit (software) about the touristic and cultural character of the Province of Viterbo
Arguments (reasons) for the development of the teaching unit:
A) Introduction of the archeological resources:
B) Introduction of the environmental treasures:
C) Calendars of exhibitions, performances etc. everything will be fitted out with cultural information on the popular traditions, with directions based on the hotel receptiveness.
D) Main themes papers:
Description of the escutcheon of Viterbo:
Leone (lion) old eschutcheon Guelph of the town (cent XI)
Palma (palm) emblem of Ferento conquered by Viterbo (1172)
As ta (flagstaff) given to Vierbo by the empore Frederico I Barbarossa in 1167
Bandiera delta chiesa (flag of the church) flag given to Viterbo for simbol to carry by the lion.
Viterbo is located in a territory called Tuscia, that stretches from the
north of Rome to the Tirrenian sea, Toscana and Umbria. The territory is flat
and hilly, until 1000 meters altitude. Along the sea coast we can find the
following bathing centers: S. Agostino, Tarquinia Lido, Marina Velca, Riva dei
Tarquini, Montalto di Castro and Pescia Romana. In the middle area of Tuscia two
groups of hills stand out: Volsini and Cimini where the lakes of Bolsena and
Vico are laying.
The Bolsena lake is the biggest among the Italian volcanic lakes and has two isles: Bisentina and Martana.
The Vico lake is a caldron caused by the quenching of Vico volcano about 600 700 thousands years ago. One eruption inside the caldron created the Venere mount. The lake is surrounded by wide pastures and secular woods. The lake and his territory constitute the natural reserve of Vico Lake.
The massif of Volsini is 639 m. and the altitude of the Cimini is 1053 m. There is an abundance of building materials, the light and resistant tuff and the very good stone of peperino, whose most of the monuments and churches and important palaces are made of.
Near Grotte S. Stefano there are good ochres used for colouring earths. There are also great volcanic masses that act as the limestones do, with regard to the hydrography of the ground.
Very close to Viterbo there is a big area with thermal resorts and springs of sulphurous water. The notable properties of these waters were already well known by the Roman, there are in fact ruins of the big roman buildings.
The most famous spring is Bullicame, with 8 meters of diameter, spouting from the top of a white little hill, it forms a little natural lake in a deep crater.
The western winds bring to the region a lot of moisture especially in the winter. The yearly rainfall exceed the meter only in the higher points of the region. Snowing is rare also in the higher places, on the overage of two or three days throughout the region.
The weather overall is good: alternating periods of rain and dryness, the seasons course is regular, so the vegetation is luxuriant, the land is cultivated and fertile. Luxuriant chestnut woods stretch all over the Mounts Cimini and Vulsini, and between the two massives there are bushes with plentiful of oak trees.
Olive trees and wines (famous wines are EST-EST-EST of Montefiascone, Aleatico of Gradoli, Cannaiola of Marta), orchards and wheat stretch everywhere. The tobacco and vegetables are cultivated in the lands well irrigated, while extensive areas with lack of water are meant for pasture and are very good supplies of food for the numerous cattle and ovines.
The breeding is abundant in the province of Viterbo, specially in the area between the northern limits with Toscana and the land around Montalto di Castro.
These lands, since some years ago, were the homes of the famous butter) maremmani. They were meant to take care of the big herds.
This local character of our province however was lost little by little leaving only a fair memory.
In the little and big farms the chicken and pig breedings are remarkable. Running wild there are wild boars, and the bushes of Castro, Farnese and Canino are rich of foxes and hares. During the hunting season the woodcocks, the quail, the ducks, the larks and much more different kind of birds give to the fans a wide field of activities, the most remarkable in all peninsula.
Tuscia area gives also artistic and monumental attractiones, from the
Pre-Roman civilisation till the August period, as well as medieval and
renaissance art, and baroque.
The Etruscan archaeologic finds have enriched museums and private collection all over the world. The paintings in the graves in Tarquinia (IV-VI century b. C.) and the precious pots kept in the museums of Tarquinia and Vulci, as token of the intense trade with the Greece, have a priceless value and document the civilisation degree attained by the Etruscan before the accession of Rome.
From the roman period are left impressive ruins especially in Ferento nearby Viterbo.
Gruff castles arise again the environments and atmosphere medieval in Soriano nel Cimino, Civita Castellana, Vasanello, Bolsena, Vulci. Many are the romanic churches (Tuscania) and the quaint villages (Vitorchiano, Civita di Bagnoregio). In the historic center of Viterbo stand out the charming palace of Papi and the medieval quarter S. Pellegrino.
Villa Lante in Bagnaia lets relive the renaissance period with the elephants, fountains and the Italian gardens (well appreciated by the Prince Charles of England), as well as the impressive Palazzo Farnese in Caprarola, and the fantastic and surprising grotesque sculptures in Parco dei Mostri in Bomarzo do.