The extension of the Roman empire is shown in detail, and maps and texts provide general information about the Romans. Especially the settlement of the Rhineland is described. You find a model of "Colonia Ulpia Traiana", the Roman fortress in Xanten, and dates of the route of the aqueducts in the Eifel. Furthermore you find a diorama showing legionaries at work in a query on the Drachenfels, and models of a Roman construction site (cf. the crane) and a limestone factory.
The Rhineland Museum also demonstrates a large collection of things of daily life; cutlery and dishes, earthernware pots and jugs, silver, glass and pottery, as well as clothes and jewelery.
Like in every museum about the Romans you also find a lot of information about Roman gods and goddesses. Various tombstones and altars from Bonn and its vicinity show how the Romans worshippped their gods and how they buried the dead. There is also a model of a temple area of the matrones from Pesch. Moreover the Rhineland Museum offers a documentation of present-day excavations in the Rhineland.