Debate on values
English deutsch
Debate on values
Teaching and learning aids

Historical approach

To open the pdf documents you need a Acrobate reader. Download 


End of the Greek polis Empire of Alexander the Great
44 B.C. End of the Roman Republic, Beginning of the empire
Germanic invasions
Germanic empires and Byzantium
  • Islamic political thinkers sche  

    Mu'tazilites (9. Jh.)
    Al Mawardi (975-1058)
    Al Ghasali (1059-1111)
    Ibn Rushd oder Averroes (1126-1198)
    Ibn Taimiyya (1263-1328)
    Ibn Khaldûn (1332-1406)
650-750 Spread of Islam Carolingian Empire Anglo-Saxon Kingdom

Reconquista and Crusades

Hundred Years' War between England and France
  • Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679)
Reformation and 30 Years' War
  • John Locke (1632-1704)
Beginnings of Parlamentarianism in England
  • Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1788)
  • Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)
French Revolution
  • John Rawls (1921-2002)
  • Jürgen Habermas (1929-
  • Communitarians
  • Summary
  • Bibliography - List of sources

Home | Introduction | Forum | Theme I | Theme II | Theme III | Theme IV